Experimental test of the irreducible four-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger paradox

Date: 2017-03-15
Authors Zu-En Su, Wei-Dong Tang, Dian Wu, Xin-Dong Cai, Tao Yang, Li Li, Nai-Le Liu, Chao-Yang Lu, Marek Żukowski, and Jian-Wei Pan
Journal No. Phys. Rev. A 95, 030103(R)
Abstract The paradox of Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) disproves directly the concept of EPR elements of reality, based on the EPR correlations, in an all-versus-nothing way. A three-qubit experimental demonstration of the GHZ paradox was achieved nearly 20 years ago, followed by demonstrations for more qubits. Still, the GHZ contradictions underlying the tests can be reduced to a three-qubit one. We show an irreducible four-qubit GHZ paradox, and report its experimental demonstration. The bound of a three-setting-per-party Bell-GHZ inequality is violated by 7σ. The fidelity of the GHZ state was around 81%, and an entanglement witness reveals a violation of the separability threshold by 19σ.