Experimental quantum digital signature over 102 km

Date: 2017-03-30
Authors Hua-Lei Yin, Yao Fu, Hui Liu, Qi-Jie Tang, Jian Wang, Li-Xing You, Wei-Jun Zhang, Si-Jing Chen, Zhen Wang, Qiang Zhang, Teng-Yun Chen, Zeng-Bing Chen, and Jian-Wei Pan
Journal No. Phys. Rev. A 95, 032334
Abstract Quantum digital signature (QDS) is an approach to guarantee the nonrepudiation, unforgeability, and transferability of a signature with information-theoretical security. Previous experimental realizations of QDS relied on an unrealistic assumption of secure channels and the longest distance is several kilometers. Here, we have experimentally demonstrated a recently proposed QDS protocol without assuming any secure channel. Exploiting the decoy state modulation, we have successfully signed a one-bit message through an up to 102-km optical fiber. Furthermore, we continuously run the system to sign the longer message “USTC” with 32 bits at the distance of 51 km. Our results pave the way towards the practical application of QDS.